North River Terminal
The North River Terminal or Rechnoy Vokzal (Russian: Речной вокзал, meaning "River Station"), is one of two passenger terminals of river transport in Moscow. It is also the main hub for long-range and intercity routes. Most cruises to Saint Petersburg, Astrakhan, Perm, Rostov-on-Don and leisure trip vessels set out from the North River Terminal, situated on the bank of Khimkinski reservoir.
The North River Terminal was built in 1937 at the same time with the construction of the Moscow Canal before the reservoir was filled. Architects A.M. Rukhlyadev, V.F. Krinsky, sculptor Igor Efimov and others, painters Y. Danko, etc.) The terminal is a listed monument and one of the symbols Moscow which is often referred to as the port of five seas.
The building has the shape of a large ship. A large spire and wide central stairs are distinctive architectural features of the Terminal building. The spire is topped with a star which used to crown The Spasskaya Tower in Kremlin. The sickle and hammer are enchased with Ural gems. The entrance is decorated with Maiolica panels, which depict “Moscow of the Future”. It represents the Palace of the Soviets and Kiyevskaya metro station. The fountains “North” and “South” which embellish the terraces symbolize the tie between north and south Moscow waterways. Unique chiming clock in the tower was brought from Holy Resurrection Cathedral in Voskresensk.
The tower contains a mechanism to pull down the spire with the star. Initially, it was intended that the construction would be lower when navigation period was over and lifted in the beginning of the ice-free season. However, it was performed only for a few times.
The building of the North River Terminal backs onto a park of 50ha, which was design as place where passengers can relax and go for a walk. The park has several sculptures: the bust of A.N. Krylov (prominent soviet shipbuilder, mathematician and mechanic), Waterway sculpture (presents a young lady holding a sailboat over her head) installed at the entrance to the park etc.
The overall length of the mooring line is around 1.5km; nearly half of it was built in the 1960s.