Nizhny Novgorod

At the confluence of the Oka and the Volga Rivers, Nizhny Novgorod (formerly named Gorky), founded in 1221, is the 4th largest city of Russia, surpassed only by Moscow, St. Petersburg and Ekaterinburg. Although it dates back to the 13th century, the majority of its most interesting sights are from later periods. The foremost among these is the city’s great, brooding Kremlin , built during the 16th century. It was until quite recently a closed city, best known to foreigners as the place of exile of the physicist, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, Andrei Sakharov after he denounced the war in Afghanistan.

Moreover, Nizhny Novgorod is a large river port, trade and cultural centre. One of the most ancient chronicles of Russia was written here, in Pechersky monastery, written in 1328-30. Later it was known as Lavrentyevskaya chronicle.

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